Paläontologie und Historische Geologie

Prof. Dr. Miriam Pfeiffer

Leiterin der Arbeitsgruppe

Ludewig-Meyn-Straße 10, R. 407
Telefon: +49 431 880-2855


seit 10/2018          Professorin, Lehrstuhl für Historische Geologie und

                 Paläontologie, CAU Kiel


2015 – 2018          Heisenberg-Stipendiatin (DFG) an der RWTH Aachen


2012                      Habilitation, RWTH Aachen


2009 – 2012          Post-Doc, RWTH Aachen


2011 – 2012          Elternzeit (sechs Monate) 


2008/2009             Elternzeit (ein Jahr)


2007-2008             Post-Doc, Universität Köln


2006-2007             JSPS Post-Doctoral Fellow, Hokkaido University,

                 Sapporo, Japan (sechs Monate)


2003-2006             Post-Doc, GEOMAR, Kiel


1999 – 2002          Doktorandin, GEOMAR, Kiel


1999 – 2002          Geologie Studium, Universität Frankfurt (Main)

                              und University of Aberdeen (UK)


Durch die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) geförterte Projekte finden Sie unter: GEPRIS


  • Leupold, M.; M.Pfeiffer, T.K. Watanabe, ; L. Reuning, ; D. Garbe-Schönberg,; C.C.Shen, ; G.A. Brummer,  (2021): El Niño–Southern Oscillation and internal sea surface temperature variability in the tropical Indian Ocean since 1675. In: Clim. Past 17 (1), S. 151–170. DOI: 10.5194/cp-17-151-2021.

  • Pfeiffer M. ,L. Reuning, J. Zinke,D. Garbe‐Schönberg, M. Leupold and W.C.Dullo(2019), „20th Century δ18O Seawater and Salinity Variations Reconstructed From Paired δ18O and Sr/Ca Measurements of a La Reunion Coral“First published:22 November 2019/

  • Leupold, M., M. Pfeiffer, D. Garbe‐Schönberg and C. Sheppard (2019). “Reef‐scale‐dependent response of massive porites corals from the central Indian Ocean to prolonged thermal stress: evidence from coral Sr/Ca measurements.” Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 20(3): 1468-1484.

  • Watanabe, T.K., Watanabe, T., Yamazaki, A., and Pfeiffer, M., 2019, "Oman corals suggest that a stronger winter shamal season caused the Akkadian Empire (Mesopotamia) collapse": Geology, 47, doi: 10.1130/G46604.1

  • Watanabe T. K., T. Watanabe, A. Yamazaki, M. Pfeiffer and M. R. Claereboudt (2019). “Oman coral δ18O seawater record suggests that Western Indian Ocean upwelling uncouples from the Indian Ocean Dipole during the global-warming hiatus.” Scientific Reports 9:  doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-38429-y

  • Zinke, J., M. Pfeiffer, and T. Felis (2018). "Reconstructing Climate and Environment from Coral Archives", Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union 99: doi: 10.1029/2018EO096071

  • Pfeiffer, M., J. Zinke, W. C. Dullo, D. Garbe-Schonberg, M. Latif and M. E. Weber (2017). "Indian Ocean corals reveal crucial role of World War II bias for twentieth century warming estimates." Scientific Reports 7.
  • Watanabe, T. K., T. Watanabe, A. Yamazaki, M. Pfeiffer, D. Garbe-Schonberg and M. R. Claereboudt (2017). "Past summer upwelling events in the Gulf of Oman derived from a coral geochemical record." Scientific Reports 7.
  • Deik, H., L. Reuning and M. Pfeiffer (2017). "Orbital scale variation of primary productivity in the central equatorial Indian Ocean (Maldives) during the early Pliocene." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 480: 33-41.
  • Hetzinger, S., M. Pfeiffer, W. C. Dullo, J. Zinke and D. Garbe-Schonberg (2016). "A change in coral extension rates and stable isotopes after El Nino-induced coral bleaching and regional stress events." Scientific Reports 6.
  • Sagar, N., S. Hetzinger, M. Pfeiffer, S. M. Ahmad, W. C. Dullo and D. Garbe-Schonberg (2016). "High-resolution Sr/Ca ratios in a Porites lutea coral from Lakshadweep Archipelago, southeast Arabian Sea: An example from a region experiencing steady rise in the reef temperature." Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 121(1): 252-266.
  • Zinke, J., L. Reuning, M. Pfeiffer, J. A. Wassenburg, E. Hardman, R. Jhangeer-Khan, G. R. Davies, C. K. C. Ng and D. Kroon (2016). "A sea surface temperature reconstruction for the southern Indian Ocean trade wind belt from corals in Rodrigues Island (19 degrees S, 63 degrees E)." Biogeosciences 13(20): 5827-5847.
  • Smodej, J., L. Reuning, U. Wollenberg, J. Zinke, M. Pfeiffer and P. A. Kukla (2015). "Two-dimensional X-ray diffraction as a tool for the rapid, nondestructive detection of low calcite quantities in aragonitic corals." Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 16(10): 3778-3788.
  • Zinke, J., M. Pfeiffer, W. Park, B. Schneider, L. Reuning, W. C. Dullo, G. F. Camoin, A. Mangini, A. Schroeder-Ritzrau, D. Garbe-Schonberg and G. R. Davies (2014). "Seychelles coral record of changes in sea surface temperature bimodality in the western Indian Ocean from the Mid-Holocene to the present." Climate Dynamics 43(3-4): 689-708.
  • Cahyarini, S. Y., M. Pfeiffer, I. S. Nurhati, E. Aldrian, W. C. Dullo and S. Hetzinger (2014). "Twentieth century sea surface temperature and salinity variations at Timor inferred from paired coral delta O-18 and Sr/Ca measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 119(7): 4593-4604.
  • Lee, J. M., E. A. Boyle, I. S. Nurhati, M. Pfeiffer, A. J. Meltzner and B. Suwargadi (2014). "Coral-based history of lead and lead isotopes of the surface Indian Ocean since the mid-20th century." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 398: 37-47.
  • Grove, C. A., G. J. A. Brummer, S. Kasper, J. Zinke, M. Pfeiffer and D. Garbe-Schonberg (2013). "Confounding effects of coral growth and high SST variability on skeletal Sr/Ca: Implications for coral paleothermometry." Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 14(4): 1277-1293.
  • Felis, T., U. Merkel, R. Asami, P. Deschamps, E. C. Hathorne, M. Kolling, E. Bard, G. Cabioch, N. Durand, M. Prange, M. Schulz, S. Y. Cahyarini and M. Pfeiffer (2012). "Pronounced interannual variability in tropical South Pacific temperatures during Heinrich Stadial 1." Nature Communications 3.
  • Sheppard, C. R. C., M. Ateweberhan, B. W. Bowen, P. Carr, C. A. Chen, C. Clubbe, M. T. Craig, R. Ebinghaus, J. Eble, N. Fitzsimmons, M. R. Gaither, C. H. Gan, M. Gollock, N. Guzman, N. A. J. Graham, A. Harris, R. Jones, S. Keshavmurthy, H. Koldewey, C. G. Lundin, J. A. Mortimer, D. Obura, M. Pfeiffer, A. R. G. Price, S. Purkis, P. Raines, J. W. Readman, B. Riegl, A. Rogers, M. Schleyer, M. R. D. Seaward, A. L. S. Sheppard, J. Tamelander, J. R. Turner, S. Visram, C. Vogler, S. Vogt, H. Wolschke, J. M. C. Yang, S. Y. Yang and C. Yesson (2012). "Reefs and islands of the Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean: why it is the world's largest no-take marine protected area." Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 22(2): 232-261.
  • Cahyarini, S. Y., M. Pfeiffer, W. C. Dullo, J. Zinke, S. Hetzinger, S. Kasper, C. Grove and D. Garbe-Schonberg (2011). "Comment on "A snapshot of climate variability at Tahiti at 9.5 ka using a fossil coral from IODP Expedition 310" by Kristine L. DeLong, Terrence M. Quinn, Chuan-Chou Shen, and Ke Lin." Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 12.
  • Hetzinger, S., M. Pfeiffer, W. C. Dullo, D. Garbe-Schonberg and J. Halfar (2010). "Rapid 20th century warming in the Caribbean and impact of remote forcing on climate in the northern tropical Atlantic as recorded in a Guadeloupe coral." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 296(1-2): 111-124.
  • Weber, M. E., L. Reichelt, G. Kuhn, M. Pfeiffer, B. Korff, J. Thurow and W. Ricken (2010). "BMPix and PEAK tools: New methods for automated laminae recognition and counting-Application to glacial varves from Antarctic marine sediment." Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 11.
  • Crueger, T., J. Zinke and M. Pfeiffer (2009). "Patterns of Pacific decadal variability recorded by Indian Ocean corals." International Journal of Earth Sciences 98(1): 41-52.
  • Pfeiffer, M., W. C. Dullo, J. Zinke and D. Garbe-Schonberg (2009). "Three monthly coral Sr/Ca records from the Chagos Archipelago covering the period of 1950-1995 AD: reproducibility and implications for quantitative reconstructions of sea surface temperature variations." International Journal of Earth Sciences 98(1): 53-66.
  • Zinke, J., M. Pfeiffer, O. Timm, W. C. Dullo and G. J. A. Brummer (2009). "Western Indian Ocean marine and terrestrial records of climate variability: a review and new concepts on land-ocean interactions since AD 1660." International Journal of Earth Sciences 98(1): 115-133.
  • Cahyarini, S. Y., M. Pfeiffer and W. C. Dullo (2009). "Improving SST reconstructions from coral Sr/Ca records: multiple corals from Tahiti (French Polynesia)." International Journal of Earth Sciences 98(1): 31-40.
  • Cahyarini, S. Y., M. Pfeiffer, O. Timm, W. C. Dullo and D. G. Schonberg (2008). "Reconstructing seawater delta O-18 from paired coral delta O-18 and Sr/Ca ratios: Methods, error analysis and problems, with examples from Tahiti (French Polynesia) and Timor (Indonesia)." Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 72(12): 2841-2853.
  • Zinke, J., M. Pfeiffer, O. Timm, W. C. Dullo, D. Kroon and B. A. Thomassin (2008). "Mayotte coral reveals hydrological changes in the western Indian Ocean between 1881 and 1994." Geophysical Research Letters 35(23).
  • Hetzinger, S., M. Pfeiffer, W. C. Dullo, N. Keenlyside, M. Latif and J. Zinke (2008). "Caribbean coral tracks Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and past hurricane activity." Geology 36(1): 11-14.
  • Hetzinger, S., M. Pfeiffer, W. C. Dullo, E. Ruprecht and D. Garbe-Schonberg (2006). "Sr/Ca and delta O-18 in a fast-growing Diploria strigosa coral: Evaluation of a new climate archive for the tropical Atlantic." Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 7.
  • Pfeiffer, M. and W. C. Dullo (2006). "Monsoon-induced cooling of the western equatorial Indian Ocean as recorded in coral oxygen isotope records from the Seychelles covering the period of 1840-1994 AD." Quaternary Science Reviews 25(9-10): 993-1009.
  • Pfeiffer, M., O. Timm, W. C. Dullo and D. Garbe-Schonberg (2006). "Paired coral Sr/Ca and delta O-18 records from the Chagos Archipelago: Late twentieth century warming affects rainfall variability in the tropical Indian Ocean." Geology 34(12): 1069-1072.
  • Schone, B. R., E. Dunca, J. Fiebig and M. Pfeiffer (2005). "Mutvei's solution: An ideal agent for resolving microgrowth structures of biogenic carbonates." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 228(1-2): 149-166.
  • Schone, B. R., J. Fiebig, M. Pfeiffer, R. Gless, J. Hickson, A. L. A. Johnson, W. Dreyer and W. Oschmann (2005). "Climate records from a bivalved Methuselah (Arctica islandica, Mollusca; Iceland)." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 228(1-2): 130-148.
  • Schone, B. R., M. Pfeiffer, T. Pohlmann and F. Siegismund (2005). "A seasonally resolved bottom-water temperature record for the period ad 1866-2002 based on shells of Arctica islandica (Mollusca, North Sea)." International Journal of Climatology 25(7): 947-962.
  • Zinke, J., M. Pfeiffer, O. Timm, W. C. Dullo and G. R. Davies (2005). "Atmosphere-ocean dynamics in the Western Indian Ocean recorded in corals." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society a-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 363(1826): 121-142.
  • Timm, O., M. Pfeiffer and W. C. Dullo (2005). "Nonstationary ENSO-precipitation teleconnection over the equatorial Indian Ocean documented in a coral from the Chagos Archipelago." Geophysical Research Letters 32(2).
  • Pfeiffer, M., O. Timm, W. C. Dullo and S. Podlech (2004). "Oceanic forcing of interannual and multidecadal climate variability in the southwestern Indian Ocean: Evidence from a 160 year coral isotopic record (La Reunion, 55 degrees E, 21 degrees S)." Paleoceanography 19(4).
  • Pfeiffer, M., W. C. Dullo and A. Eisenhauer (2004). "Variability of the Intertropical Convergence Zone recorded in coral isotopic records from the central Indian Ocean (Chagos Archipelago)." Quaternary Research 61(3): 245-255.
  • Betzler, C., M. Pfeiffer and S. Saxena (2000). "Carbonate shedding and sedimentary cyclicities of a distally steepened carbonate ramp (Miocene, Great Bahama Bank)." International Journal of Earth Sciences 89(1): 140-153.